Organizational Structure Scale – University Version

Evrim Erol, Aydan Ordu

APA 6th edition
Erol, E., & Ordu*, A. (2018). Organizational Structure Scale – University Version. European Journal of Educational Research, 7(4), 775-803. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.4.775

Erol E., and Ordu* A. 2018 'Organizational Structure Scale – University Version', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 775-803. Available from:

Chicago 16th edition
Erol, Evrim and Ordu*, Aydan . "Organizational Structure Scale – University Version". (2018)European Journal of Educational Research 7, no. 4(2018): 775-803. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.4.775


This study aims to conduct validity and reliability analysis of Organizational Structure Scale-University version (OSS-U) that enables us to determine organizational structures of universities. The scale was developed based on the Axiomatic Theory by Hage, literature review and expert opinions. The sample of the study consisted of a total of 655 faculty members working at state universities in Turkey. Psychometric features of the scale were tested with three different models. The content validity of the suggested models was tested with Lawshe Analysis; the construct validity with Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) while the reliability was tested with Cronbach alpha which is a measure of internal consistency. As a result of the analyses conducted, all of these three models were determined to be valid and reliable with the relevant sample. It was also revealed that OSS-U can be used as model 1 in which nine dimensions (number of occupational specialties, professional training, professional activities, participation in decisions, hierarchy of authority, standardization, professional latitude, difference in rewards and difference in status) describe one single concept (University Structure), or model 2 in which four subscales (Complexity Scale, Centralization Scale, Formalization Scale and Stratification Scale) are independent pieces of an umbrella term (University Structure) or model 3, as a combination of these two models (model 1 + model 2), where combined subscales that have dimensions in itself describe a hypernym (University).

Keywords: Organizational structure, scale development, mechanical organization, organic organization.


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