Pre-service Teachers’ Opinions about the Use of 21st Century Learner and 21st Century Teacher Skills

Canses Tican , Sabahattin Deniz

APA 6th edition
Tican*, C., & Deniz, S. (2019). Pre-service Teachers’ Opinions about the Use of 21st Century Learner and 21st Century Teacher Skills. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 181-197. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.181

Tican* C., and Deniz S. 2019 'Pre-service Teachers’ Opinions about the Use of 21st Century Learner and 21st Century Teacher Skills', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 181-197. Available from:

Chicago 16th edition
Tican*, Canses and Deniz, Sabahattin . "Pre-service Teachers’ Opinions about the Use of 21st Century Learner and 21st Century Teacher Skills". (2019)European Journal of Educational Research 8, no. 1(2019): 181-197. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.181


The purpose of the current study is to determine pre-service teachers’ opinions about 21st century learner and teacher skills. The study group of the current research is comprised of 391 senior students from an education faculty. As the data collection tool, the 21st century Learner Skills Use Questionnaire and 21st Century Teacher Skills Use Questionnaire were employed. In the analysis of the collected data, frequencies, percentages, arithmetic means, independent samples t-Test, One-Way Anova, Correlation, Mann Whitney-U, Kruskal Wallis techniques were used. The findings of the study revealed that the pre-service teachers’ opinions about 21st century learner and teacher skills vary significantly depending on the variables of gender, department attended, academic achievement, experience of private tutoring and practicum teaching (doing practicum teaching at elementary and secondary schools). As a result, it was concluded that the pre-service teachers are ready for using 21st century learner skills (cognitive skills, autonomous skills, collaboration and flexibility skills, innovativeness skills) and teacher skills (administrative skills, technopedagogical skills, affirmative skills, flexible teaching skills, generative skills). However, it was also found that the pre-service teachers were not able to make enough use of learner and teacher skills during their practicum teaching at schools. Moreover, a positive, medium and significant correlation was found between 21st century learner skills and 21st century teacher skills.

Keywords: 21st century learner skills, 21st century teacher skills, pre-service teachers, teacher training, teaching and learning.


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