Using Personal and Social Responsibility Model for Gaining Leadership Behavior in Students
APA 6th edition
*, B.F. (2019). Using Personal and Social Responsibility Model for Gaining Leadership Behavior in Students. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 157-168. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.157
* B.F. 2019 'Using Personal and Social Responsibility Model for Gaining Leadership Behavior in Students', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 157-168. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.157
Chicago 16th edition
*, Bijen Filiz . "Using Personal and Social Responsibility Model for Gaining Leadership Behavior in Students". (2019)European Journal of Educational Research 8, no. 1(2019): 157-168. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.157
In the research, it was aimed to teach responsibility to the students, ensure and develop awareness of leadership behavior using a leadership program, and also examine the effectiveness of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model in terms of forming a leadership behavior. The study group consisted of 55 students in high school 1st grade attending Ankara Turkish Volleyball Federation Sports High School. In the study, mixed methods pattern with embedded semi-experimental pretest-posttest control group was used. While a 32-hour leadership program was being applied to the students in the experimental group, the current curriculum was continued to be taught for the students in the control group. As data collection tools, the Personal and Social Responsibility Behavior Scale, the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire, a semi-structured individual interview form, and field notes were used. For findings; descriptive statistics and One-way Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used in the analysis of quantitative data, and content analysis method was used in the analysis of qualitative data. As a result, the leadership program including 16 lectures delivered during eight weeks was effective in terms of teaching responsibility to the students of Sports High School and forming and developing leadership behaviors.
Keywords: Leadership, personal responsibility, physical education and sport, social responsibility, taking responsibility.
Atar, E., & Oguz, O. (2009). Beden egitimi ve spor yuksekokulu ogrencilerinin liderlik davranislari [Leadership behaviors of physical education and sports college students]. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 7(2), 51-59.
Bodrova, E., & Leong, D. J. (2007). Play and early literacy: A Vygotskian approach. In K. A. Roskos, J. F. Christie, K. A. Roskos, & J. F. Christie (Eds.), Play and literacy in early childhood: Research from multiple perspectives (2nd ed., pp. 185-200). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bulca, Y. (December, 2013). The effects of TPSR model on middle school students’ self-efficacy and responsibility. Paper session presented at the meeting of 55th ICHPER. SD Anniversary World Congress 6 Exposition, Istanbul, Turkey.
Catalano, R. F., Berglund, M. L., Ryan, J. A., Lonczak, H. S., & Hawkins, J. D. (2004). Positive youth development in the United States: Research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. Ann Am Acad Polit Soc Sci, 591(1), 98-124.
Collingwood, T.R. (1997). Helping At-Risk Youth through Physical Fitness Programming. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Creswell, J. W., & Clark, L. V. (2007). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cutforth, N. (2000). Connecting school physical education to the community through service-learning. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 71(2), 39-45. doi:10.1080/07303084.2000.10606002
Cutforth, N., & Puckett, K. M. (1999). An investigation into the organization, challenges and impact of an urban apprentice teacher program. The Urban Review, 31(2), 153-172. doi:10.1023/A:102323152
Danish, S. J., Forneris, T., & Wallace, I. (2005). Sport-based life skills programming in the schools. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 21(2), 41-62.
Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and Education. New York, NY: Kappa Delta Pi.
Dunn, R. (2012). Every Flavor Beans: Children Constructing Meaning in a Responsibility-Based Program. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/
Escartí, A., Gutiérrez, M., Pascual, C., & Llopis, R. (2010). Implementation of the personal and social responsibility model to improve self-efficacy during physical education classes for primary school children. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 10(3), 387-402.
Filiz, B. & Demirhan, G. (2018). Development and examination of personal and social responsibility behaviors scale. Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology, 9(1), 1-16.
Garbarino, J. (1997). Educating children in a socially toxic environment. Educational Leadership, 54(7), 12-16.
Gordon, B. (2010). An examination of the responsibility model in a New Zealand secondary school physical education program. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 29(1), 21-37. doi:10.1123/jtpe.29.1.21
Gould, D., & Carson, S. (2008). Life skills development through sport: Current status and future directions. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1(1), 58–78. doi:10.1080/17509840701834573
Grandzol, C. J. (2011). An exploratory study of the role of task dependence on team captains’ leadership development. Journal of Leadership Education, 10(2), 57-70.
Halpin, W. & Winer, B. J. (1957). A factorial study of the leader behavior description. In R. M. & Stogdilland A. E. Coons (Eds.). Leader behavior description and measurement (pp. 39-51). Colombus, OH: Bureau of Business Research The Ohio State University.
Hammond-Diedrich, K. C., & Walsh, D. (2006). Empowering youth through a responsibility-based cross-age teacher program: An investigation into impact and possibilities. Physical Educator, 63(3), 134-142.
Hellison, D. R. (1978). Beyond Balls and Bats: Alienated (and other) Youth in the Gym. Washington, DC: AAHPER.
Hellison, D. R. (1995). Teaching Responsibility through Physical Activity. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Hellison, D. R. (2011). Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility through Physical Activity (3th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Hellison, D. R. (2014). Fiziksel Aktivite Yoluyla Bireysel ve Sosyal Sorumluluk Ogretimi [Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility through Physical Activity] (Trans. ed. Filiz, B.) Ankara: Nobel.
Hellison, D., Cutforth, N., Kallusky, J., Martinek, T., Parker. M., & Stiehl, J. (2000). Youth Development and Physical Activity. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Hellison, D., & Walsh, D. (2002). Responsibility-based youth programs evaluation: Investigating the investigations. Quest, 54, 292-307.
Holloway, I., & Wheeler, S. (2010). Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Holt, N. L., & Jones, M. I. (2008). Future directions for positive youth development and sport. In N.L. Holt (Ed.), Positive youth development in sport (pp. 122- 132). London: Routledge.
Holt, N. L., & Neely, K. C. (2011). Positive youth development through sport: A review. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología Del Ejercicio Y El Deporte, 6(2), 299–316.
Kann, L., Kinchen, S. A., Williams, B. I., Ross, J. G., Lowry, R., Hill, C. V., …Kolbe, L. J. (1998). Youth risk behavior surveillance-United States, 1997. MMWR CDC Surveill Summ, 47(3), 1-89.
Kinnear, R., & Grey, C. (1999). SPSS for Windows Made Simple. New York, NY: Psychology Press, Hove.
Lee, O., & Martinek, T. (2009). Navigating two cultures: An investigation of cultures of a responsibility-based physical activity program and school. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(2), 230-240. doi:10.1080/02701367.2009.10599557
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. A. (1985). Naturalistic Inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Martinek, T., & Hellison, D. (2009). Youth Leadership in Sport and Physical Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Martinek, T., McLaughlin, D., & Schilling, T. (1999). Project effort: Teaching responsibility beyond the gym. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 70(6), 59-65.
Martinek, T., Schilling, T., & Hellison, D. (2006). The development of compassionate and caring leadership among adolescents. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 11(2), 141-157. doi:10.1080/17408980600708346
Martinek, T., Schilling, T., & Johnson, D. (2001). Transferring personal and social responsibility of underserved youth to the classroom. The Urban Review, 33(1), 29-45. doi:10.1023/A:1010332812171
Melendez, A. (2011). Descriptive Study of TPSR Values and Life Skills Acquired in Project Effort and through other Sources and How They Have Guided Former Participants’ Lives (The Degree Doctor of Philosophy). The North Carolina University.
Petitpas, A. J., Cornelius, A. E., Van Raalte, J. L., & Jones, T. (2005.) A framework for planning youth sport programs that foster psychosocial development. The sport psychologist, 19(1), 63-80.
Sandford, R. A., Armour, K. M., & Warmington, P. C. (2006). Re‐engaging disaffected youth through physical activity programmes. British Educational Research Journal, 32(2), 251-271.
Schilling, T., & Martinek, T. (2001). Learning through project effort. CYD Journal, 1(3), 24-30.
Silverman, D. (2006). Interpreting Qualitative Data (3rd Ed.), London: Sage.
Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics, 6th International Edition (Cover) Edn. New Jersey: Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1980). Mind in society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard university press.
Walsh, D. S. (2007). Supporting youth development outcomes: An evaluation of a responsibility model-based program. Physical Educator, 64(1), 48-56.
Walsh, D. S., Ozaeta, J., & Wright, P. M. (2010). Transference of responsibility model goals to the school environment: Exploring the impact of a coaching club program. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 15(1), 15-28. doi:10.1080/17408980802401252
Whitley, M. A., Hayden, L. A., & Gould, D. (2016). Growing up in the Kayamandi Township: II. Sport as a setting for the development and transfer of desirable competencies. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14(4), 305–322. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2015.1036095
Wright, P. M., & Burton, S. (2008). Implementation and outcomes of a responsibility-based physical activity program integrated nto an intact high school physical education class. Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 27(2), 138-154.
Yildirim, A., & Simsek, H. (2006). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Arastirma Yontemleri [Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences]. Ankara, Turkey: Seckin.