Human Resource Management Practices in Turkish Education System (Denizli Case)
APA 6th edition
Cobanoglu, F., Sertel, G., & Sarkaya, S.S. (2018). Human Resource Management Practices in Turkish Education System (Denizli Case). European Journal of Educational Research, 7(4), 833-847. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.4.833
Cobanoglu F., Sertel G., and Sarkaya S.S. 2018 'Human Resource Management Practices in Turkish Education System (Denizli Case)', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 833-847. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.7.4.833
Chicago 16th edition
Cobanoglu, Fatma , Sertel, Gulsum and Sarkaya, Sevda Seven . "Human Resource Management Practices in Turkish Education System (Denizli Case)". (2018)European Journal of Educational Research 7, no. 4(2018): 833-847. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.4.833
Human Resource Management (HRM) includes recruitment, training, development, motivation and evaluation of the staff who will achieve the goals of the organization and perform the necessary activities to be successful. The success of the organization depends on the effective use and management of human resources. Considering that The Ministry of Turkish National Education has the most crowded personnel and the potential of leading the future human resources, the HRM strategies of this organization becomes significant. In this study, it is aimed to investigate to the human resources management practices of the Ministry of Turkish National Education from the perspectives of teachers who are also the human resources of the system. In this research, holistic-multiple case study design was employed and the open-ended interview form which includes nine questions considering the functions of the HRM was utilized as the data collection tool. Research results showed that teachers know the duties and responsibilities which are declared in their job definition but they do not consider some of the significant professional efficiencies such as planning, assessment and evaluation. Moreover, the ministry does not make long-term plans in order to determine the required human resources, and also the functionality and subjectivity of the system is under discussion in terms of selection and appointment. What's more, the desired aims cannot be reached in terms of professional development. Teachers have the anxiety of performance evaluation based on accountability, and they emphasize fair and subjectivity in terms of payment, rewarding and discipline.
Keywords: Human resource management, Turkish education system, teachers.
Akcakaya, M. (2008). Insan kaynaklari planlamasinin bir araci olarak norm kadro uygulamasi [Human Resources Planning as a Tool of Norm Staff Application] (Unpublished Doktoral Dissertation). Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
Akdemir, A. S. (2013). Turkiye’de ogretmen yetistirme programlarinin tarihcesi ve sorunlari [History of teacher training programs and their problems in Turkey], Turkish Studies, 8(12), 15-28.
Albrecht, S. L, Bakker, A. B., Gruman, J. A., Macey, W. H., & Saks, A. M. (2015) Employee engagement, human resource management practices and competitive advantage: An integrated approach, Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 2 (1), 7-35. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-08-2014-0042.
Ali, A. A. (2009). The impact of teacher wages on the performance of students: evidence from PISA, MPRA Paper No. 18252, retreived from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18252/1/MPRA_paper_18252.pdf.
Arslan, S., & Ozpınar, I. (2008). Ogretmen nitelikleri: ilkogretim programlarinin beklentileri ve egitim fakultelerinin kazandirdiklari [Teachers qualifications: comparison between primary school curriculum expectations and teachers acquisitions in education faculties]. Necatibey Faculty of Education Electronic Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2(1), 38-63.
Azar, A. (2011). Turkiye’deki ogretmen egitimi uzerine bir soylem: nitelik mi, nicelik mi? [Quality or quantity: A Statement for teacher training in Turkey]. Journal of Higher Education and Science, 1(1), 36-38.
Bayrakci, M. (2009). In-Service Teacher Raining in Japan and Turkey: a comparative analysis of institutions and practices, Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 34(1), 10-22.
Beardwell, J., & Thompson, A. (2017). Human resource management (Eighth edition), Pearson Education Limited, United Kingdom.
Benligiray, S. (2009). Turkiye’de insan kaynaklari yonetimi alaninda yapilan lisansustu tezler ve bu tezlerde incelenen temalarin analizi: 1983‐2008 donemi [The theme analysis of the postgraduate theses written on human resource management in Turkey: 1983‐2008 period]. Eskisehir Osmangazi University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 4(1), 167‐197.
Bratton, J., & Gold, J. (1994). Human resource management. London: The Macmillan Press.
Cengiz, E. (2010). Insan kaynaklari yonetiminde ogretmenlerin orgutlenme hakki [The organizing right of the teachers in human resources management] (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Beykent University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Camlik, M. (2013). Insan kaynaklari yonetimi uygulamalarinin calisanlarin mental sagligi uzerindeki etkisi: Mersin ve Adana illerindeki kamu ve vakif universitelerinde bir uygulama [The effect of human resources management practices on the mental health of the employees: An application in public and private universities in the provinces of Mersin and Adana] (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey.
Celebi, N., Vuranok, T. T., & Hasekioglu Turgut I. (2015). Ilk ve ortaokullarda ogretmenlerin odul sistemine iliskin gorusleri [The perceptions of primary and secondary school teachers on reward system], Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Faculty of Education, 34, 75 -104.
DeCenzo, D. A., Robbins, S. P. Verhulst, S. L. (2017). Insan kaynaklari yönetiminin temelleri [Fundamentals of human resource management], Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing.
Demir, M. K., & Ari, E. (2013). Ogretmen sorunlari-Canakkale ili ornegi [Teacher problems-Canakkale Case]. Ondokuz Mayis University Journal of Faculty of Education, 32(1), 107-126.
Doganay, A., Akbulut Tas, M., Yesilpinar, M., Yolcu, E., Turhan Turkkan, B., Sari, M., Karakus, M., Aybek, B., Sadik, F., & Akbulut, T. (2015). Hizmet oncesi ogretmen egitiminde model arayisi [Search for a New Model in Pre-Service Teacher Education]. International Journal of Curriculum and Instructional Studies, 5(9), 1-21.
Ekinci, F. (2008). Kamu personel yonetiminden insan kaynaklari uygulamasina gecisin calisanlarin verimliligine etkisi [The effect of transition from public personnel management to human resources application on employee productivity]. Journal of Finance, 155, 155-185.
Eraslan, L. (2004). Ogretmenlik meslegine giriste kamu personeli secme sinavi (KPSS) yonteminin degerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of Public Personnel Selection Examination (KPSS) method in the field of teaching profession]. International Journal of Human Sciences, 1-31. Retrieved from http://www.jhumansciences.com/ojs/index.php/ IJHS/article/view/167
Erdem, E., & Soylu, Y. (2013). Ogretmen adaylarinin kpss ve alan sinavina iliskin gorusleri [Teachers' views on KPSS and field examination]. Cankırı Karatekin University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 4(1), 223-236.
EURYDICE (1995). In-service training of teachers in the European Union and the EFTA/EEA countries. European Unit, Belgium.
Gelbal, S., & Kelecioglu, H. (2007). Ogretmenlerin olcme ve degerlendirme yontemleri hakkindaki yeterlik algilari ve karsilastiklari sorunlar [Teachers’ proficiency perceptions of about the measurement and evaluation techniques and the problems they confront]. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 33, 135-145.
Gok, E. (2017). Defining quality in teacher education: Initial lessons from Turkish public higher education institutions. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 23(4), 623-673. doi:10.14527/kuey.2017.020
Goker, S. D., & Gunduz, Y. (2017). Dunya olceginde ogretmenlerin sayginlik statusu ve ozluk haklari [Teacher status and their employee personal rights across the World], Journal of National Education, 213, 177-196.
Gundogdu, K., Cimen N., & Turan S. (2008). Ogretmen adaylarinin kamu personeli secme sinavina (KPSS) iliskin gorusleri [Novice teachers' views on the selection of public personnel examination (KPSS)], Ahi Evran University Journal of Kırsehir Faculty of Education, 9 (2), (35-43).
Gunes, F. (2016). Ogretmen yetistirme yaklasim ve modelleri [Approaches and models in teacher education], Ahi Evran University Journal of Kırsehir Faculty of Education, 17(3), 413-435.
Guven, D. (2010). Profesyonel bir meslek olarak Turkiye’de ogretmenlik [Teaching as a profession: the case of Turkey], Bogazici University Journal of Education, 27 (2), 13-21.
Guven, I. (2003). 1940'dan gunumuze ogretmenlerin ekonomik sorunlarinin tarihsel analizi [Historical analysis of the economic problems of teachers since 1940], Journal of National Education, 160.
Imazeki, J. (2005). Teacher salaries and teacher attrition, Economics of Education Review, 24, 431–449
Karatas, S., & Gules H. (2013). Evaluation of the selection exam for civil servants (KPSS) from pre-service teachers’ perspectives. Journal of Theoretical Educational Science, 6(1), 102-119.
Kingdon, G. G., & Teal, F. (2007). Does performance related pay for teachers improve student performance? Some evidence from India, Economics of Education Review, 26, 473–486.
Koc, M. (2006). Kamu personel rejimi icerisinde devlet memurlarinin basarisinin degerlendirilmesi ve basariya dayali ucretin devlet memurlarina uygulanabilirligi [Evaluating the success of civil servants in the public personnel regime and the applicability of fee based on success to the civil servants] (Unpublished Master’s Thesis), Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
Lavy, V. (2007). Using performance-based pay to improve the quality of teachers, The Future of Children, Excellence in the Classroom, 17(1), 87-109.
Luthans, F., Avey, J., B., Avolio, B. J., & Peterson, S. (2010). The development and resulting performance impact of positive psychological capital, Human Resource Development Quarterly, 21(1), 41–67. doi 10.1002/hrdq.20034
Memduhoglu, H., & Kayan, M . (2017). Ogretmen secme ve atama uygulamasi olarak kamu personeli secme sinavina (KPSS) iliskin ogretmen adaylarinin algilari [The perceptions of novice teachers in related to public staff selection examination (KPSS) as teacher selection and assignment practice]. Yuzuncu Yil University journal of Faculty of Education, 14 (1), 1259-1288.
Mercer, J., Barker B., & Bird R. (2010). Human Resource Management in Education, New York: Routledge.
Middlewood D., & Lumby J. (2009). Human resource management in schools and colleges. London: SAGE Publication Ltd.
Ministry of National Education [MoNE], (2017). Teacher Strategy Document 2017-2023, Ankara: Turkey.
Moeini, H. (2008). Identifying needs: A missing part in teacher training programs, International Journal Of Media, Technology And Lifelong Learning, 4 (1), 1-12.
Nartgun, S (2011). Employment of faculty of education students: public personnel selection examination (PPSE) International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(21), 101-111.
OECD (2009). Teacher evaluation a conceptual framework and examples of country practices.
OECD (2017). Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2017-en
Ozdemir, M. (2014). Egitim orgutlerinde insan kaynaklari yonetimi, kuram uygulama teknik [Human resources management in educational institutions, theory application technical]. Ankara: Ani Yayincilik.
Ozer B., & Alkan S. (2017). Comparison of Teacher Training Programmes of EU and Turkey and A Model Suggestion for Turkey, Journal of Interdisciplinary Educational Research, 1(1); 62-95.
Oztay F. E. (2006). Egitim orgutlerinde insan kaynaklari yonetimi ile olusturulmus kurum kulturunun ogretmen motivasyonuna etkisi [The effect of organizational culture on teacher motivation created by human resources management in educational organizations]. (Unpublished Master’s Thesis), Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Pekdemir, I., Kocoglu, M., & Gurkan, G. C. (2014). Ozerklik ve odullendirme algilarinin calisan performansi uzerindeki etkisinde calisanin inovasyona yonelik davranisinin aracilik rolune yonelik bir arastirma [An investigation on the mediating role of employee innovation behavior on the relationship between autonomy and reward]. Istanbul University Journal of the School of Business, 43(2), 332-350.
Saylan N. (2013). Ozel ilkogretim ve ortaogretim okullarinda insan kaynaklari yonetimi islevlerinin gerceklesme derecesi [The degree of realization of human resources management functions in private primary and secondary schools] (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
Sezgin F., & Duran E. (2011). Kamu Personeli Secme Sinavi’nin (KPSS) Ogretmen adaylarinin akademik ve sosyal yasantilarina yansimalari [The reflections of the public personnel selection examination on teacher candidates’ academic and social lives], Turkish Journal of Social Research, 15(3), 9-22.
Silah M. (2001) Egitim orgutlerinde hizmetin niteligini arttirmak icin personelin odullendirilmesi [Being rewarded for quality of servis in education organizations], Cumhuriyet University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 2(1), 95-109.
Soydan T. (2012). Egitim alaninda performans degerlendirme sisteminin gecerligi uzerine yonetici ve ogretmen goruslerine dayali bir arastirma [A research based on the views of managers and teachers about the effectiveness of the performance evaluation system in the field of education], Ege Education Journal, 13(1): 1–25.
Sahin, A. (2011). Ogretmen algilarina gore etkili ogretmen davranislari [Effective teacher’s attitudes according to teacher’s perceptions]. Ahi Evran University Journal of Kırsehir Faculty of Education, 12(1), 240-259.
Sendag, S., & Gedik N. (2015). Yuksekogretim donusumunun esiginde Turkiye’de ogretmen yetistirme sorunlari: bir model onerisi [Teacher training problems of Turkey on the threshold of higher education transformation and a support model]. Educational Technology Theory and Practice, 5(1), 72-91.
Sisman, M. (2009). Teacher’s competencies: a modern discourse and the rhetoric. Inonu University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 10(3), 63-82.
Tan, S. (2015). Ortaogretim kurumlarinda insan kaynaklari yonetimi ve bir uygulama [Human resources management in secondary schools and an implementation] (Unpublished Master’s Thesis), Istanbul Arel University, Istanbul, Turkey.
TEDMEM, (2017). 2017 Education Evaluation Report, Ankara: TED.
Tekisik H. H. (1986). Turkiye’de Ogretmenlik Meslegi ve Sorunlari [Teacher profession in Turkey and its problems], Journal of Contemporary Education, 11(116), 1-9.
Tozlu A. (2015). Kamu gorevlilerinin performansa dayali odul tercihleri [Public employees’ performance-based reward preferences], Journal of Finance, 168, 249-272.
Tuncay M. (2015). Turkiye ve ABD insan kaynaklari yonetimi yazinlarinin ele aldiklari konular acisindan karsilastirilmasi: Bir icerik analizi (2004 – 2015) [The comparison of Turkey and the USA human resource management literature in terms of topics: a content analysis] (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Cankaya University, Ankara, Turkey.
Tuncel, Z. A., & Cobanoglu, F. (2018). In-service teacher training: problems of the teachers as learners. International Journal of Instruction, 11(4), 159-174.
Turk Egitim Dernegi [Turkish Education Association] (2009). Ogretmen yeterlikleri raporu [Teacher Competencies Report], Ankara: Turk Egitim Dernegi Yayini.
The European Commission (2012). Supporting the teaching professions for better learning outcomes. Commission staff working document. Strasbourg, SWD(2012).
Theunissen, M., & Veenman, S. (1998). Interorganisational Networks in the Domain of In-Service Teacher Training. Reports, Catholic Univ., Nijmegen (Netherlands).
Training, P., & Programmes In The E-, C. (2011). Teachers as lifelong learners: case studies of innovative in-service teacher training programmes in the E-9 countries.
Ulsever, C. (2005). 21. yuzyilda insan yonetimi [21st century human management], Istanbul: Alfa Yayincilik.
Wilkinson A., Redman T., & Dundon T. (2017). References contemporary human resource management text and cases (Fifth Ed.). United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.
Yayla, A. (2015). Nitelikli ogretmenlerin yetistirilme surecinde yeni arayislar: sorunlar ve cozum onerileri [New searches in the process of training qualified teachers: problems and solutions], TYB Academy Journal of Language, Literature and Social Sciences, 5(13), 109-122.
Yildirim M. C. (2008). Ilkogretim okulu ogretmen ve yoneticilerinin ogretmenlerin odullendirilmesine iliskin gorusleri [Primary school teachers’ and administrators’ views about rewarding teachers], Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 56, 663-690.
Yildirim, A., & Simsek, H. (2013). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel arastirma yontemleri [Qualitative research methods in social sciences]. Ankara: Seckin Yayincilik.