logo logo European Journal of Educational Research

EU-JER is is a, peer reviewed, online academic research journal.

Subscribe to

Receive Email Alerts

for special events, calls for papers, and professional development opportunities.


Publisher (HQ)

Eurasian Society of Educational Research
Eurasian Society of Educational Research
7321 Parkway Drive South, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
Eurasian Society of Educational Research
7321 Parkway Drive South, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
artistic reflection higher education student pre school educators technology of artistic reflection and image creation

Fostering Artistic Reflection Skills in Student Pre-School Educators Seen as Artistic Competence Development

Halyna Savluk , Olena Polovina , Inna Kondratets , Аnna Ukhtoms`ka , Sofiia Dovbnia

The purpose of the study is to identify how the instructional model influences students’ reflective disposition and how the students perceived t.


The purpose of the study is to identify how the instructional model influences students’ reflective disposition and how the students perceived the intervention. The study addressed the research questions through the ‘Artistic Reflection Scale’ for student pre-school educators that consisted of four domains such as students’ observation skills, critical analysis skills, evaluation skills, and the occupation application of artistic reflection, and the course satisfaction questionnaire. The study found that the technology of artistic reflection and image creation was effective in fostering students’ artistic reflective thinking comprising observation skills, critical analysis, their art output evaluation skills with a focus on sharing their reflective experience with the preschoolers. The artistic reflection scale was proved to be a reliable instrument in measuring students’ reflective thinking skills. The study found a change in the artistic reflective skills of the experimental group students was substantially greater than in the students of the control group. After the intervention, there was a shift from the basic level of artistic reflection to the higher levels in the experimental group students, and the proportion of the students being at this stage reduced, while the other proportions increased.

Keywords: Artistic reflection, higher education, student pre-school educators, technology of artistic reflection, and image creation.

cloud_download PDF
Article Metrics



Boud, D. (2010). Relocating reflection in the context of practice. In H. Bradbury, N. Frost, & S. Kilminster (Eds.), Beyond Reflective Practice (pp. 25-36). Routledge.

Brandenburg, R., Glasswell, K., Jones, M., & Ryan, J. (2017). Reflective theory and practice in teacher education. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3431-2

Buschkühle, C. -P. (2020). Artistic projects as the practice of artistic education. In C. -P.  Buschkühle (Ed.), Joseph Beuys and the artistic education: Theory and practice of an artistic art education (Vol. 6, pp. 75–139). Brill. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004424555_005

Choy, S. C., Lee, M. Y., & Sedhu, D. S. (2019). Reflective thinking among teachers: Development and preliminary validation of reflective thinking for teachers questionnaire. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 65(1), 37-50.

Coşkun, M., & Mardikyan, S. (2016). Predictor factors for actual usage of online evaluation and assessment systems: A Structural Equation Model (SEM) Study. Education and Science, 41(188), 131-152. https://doi.org/10.15390/EB.2016.6579  

DeVon, H. A., Block, M. E., Moyle-Wright, P., Ernst, D. M., Hayden, S. J., Lazzara, D. J., Savoy, S. M., & Kostas-Polston, E. (2007). A psychometric toolbox for testing validity and reliability. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2(2), 155-164. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1547-5069.2007.00161.x

Glen, S. (2016). Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test for sampling adequacy. Statistics How To. https://www.statisticshowto.com/kaiser-meyer-olkin/

Grabbe, J. W. (2015). Implications of experimental versus quasi-experimental designs. In K. D. Strang (Ed.), The Palgrave handbook of research design in business and management (pp. 141-152). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137484956_10

Grujic, G. (2017). The musical education programs and their influence on the musical predispositions development at preschool-age children. Journal Plus Education, 18(2), 156-170. https://doi.org/10.24250/jpe/2/2017/gg

Gwet, K. L. (2014). Handbook of inter-rater reliability: The definitive guide to measuring the extent of agreement among raters. Advanced Analytics, LLC.

Handal, G. (2014). Reflection on practice-theory, critical friendship, and teachers’ professional development. In K. Rönnerman & P. Salo (Eds.), Lost in Practice. Pedagogy, Education, and Praxis (pp.197-203). SensePublishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6209-722-3_11

Jamovi. (2021). Jamovi (Version 1.8.2) [Computer Software]. https://www.jamovi.org  

Jingjing, Z. (2016). Metodyka formuvannia mystetskoi reflesii maibutnioho vchytelia muzyky v protsesi vokalnoho navchannia [Methods of forming artistic reflection of the future teacher of music in vocal training process] [Doctoral dissertation, National Dragomanov Pedagogical University]. Repository for National Dragomanov Pedagogical University. https://cutt.ly/hn77X8G 

Krasovska, O., Miskova, N., & Veremchuk, A. (2020). Professional training of future preschool teachers in the field of artistic and aesthetic education by means of contextual learning technologies. Behavioural Science, 10(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10020050

Landis, J., & Koch, G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33(1), 159-174. https://doi.org/10.2307/2529310

Mirzaeia, F., Phang, F. A., & Kashefic, H. (2014). Measuring teachers' reflective thinking skills. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141, 640–647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.112

Pirozhenko, T., Gavrysh, N., Brezhneva, O., Bayer, O., Reipolska, O., Zagorodnya, L., Mashovets, M., Polovina, O., Levinets, N., Mordous, I., Shevchuk, A., Kosenchuk, O., Bezsonova, O., Korneeva, O., Neryanova, S., & Lysenko, H. (2021). Bazovyi component doshkilnoi osvity. Derzhavnyi standart [State-wide standard for preschool education]. New edition with recommendation on organisation the educational process. Best Practice of Managing a Preschool Institution / Praktyka Upravlinnia Doshkilnym Zakladom. https://ezavdnz.mcfr.ua/book?bid=37876

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2006). The content validity index: Are you sure you know what’s being reported? Critique and recommendations. Research in Nursing & Health, 29(5), 489–497. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.20147

Polovina, O., Kondratets, I., Ukhtoms`ka, А., Dovbnia, S., & Savluk, H. (2021). Course satisfaction questionnaire. Google Drive. https://forms.gle/d8DbAHxySmPxz3pm8

Price, P., Jhangiani, R., & Chiang, I. (2015). Research Methods in Psychology – 2nd Canadian Edition. BCcampus. https://opentextbc.ca/researchmethods/

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2012). Research methods for business students (6th ed.). Pearson Education Limited.

Scrivener, S. (2000). Reflection in and on action and practice in creative-production doctoral projects in art and design. Coventry University. http://bitly.ws/e5E9

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. (2019). SPSS Statistics (Version https://www.ibm.com/products/spss-statistics

Stephens, A., & Tjøstheim, T. A. (2020). The cognitive philosophy of reflection. Erkenntnis. Advance Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-020-00299-0

Taherdoost, H. (2016). Validity and reliability of the research instrument: How to test the validation of a questionnaire/survey in research. International Journal of Academic Research in Management, 5(3), 28-36. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3205040

Vakkari, J. (2020). Promoting experimentation, reflection, and discussion. In B. Şenova (Ed.), CrossSections: Processing artistic and curatorial research (pp. 48-48). De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110716566-016

Vaskivska, H. O., Palamar, S. P., Kondratiuk, S. G., & Zhelanova, V. V. (2018). Psychodidactic determinants of the development of children of preschool age. Medical News/ Wiadomości Lekarskie, 71(6), 1207-1214.

Xia, Y., & Yang, Y. (2019). RMSEA, CFI, and TLI in structural equation modeling with ordered categorical data: The story they tell depends on the estimation methods. Behaviour Research Methods, 51(1), 409–428 https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-018-1055-2

Yolanda, E. (2020). Professional and pedagogical competence of early childhood education teachers in the millennial era. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 449, 66-70. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200715.013

Yusoff, M. S. B. (2019). ABC of content validation and content validity index calculation. Education in Medicine Journal, 11(2), 49–54. https://doi.org/10.21315/eimj2019.11.2.6