The Interplay of Emotional Instability and Socio-Environmental Aspects of Schools during Adolescence

Alexander Lätsch

APA 6th edition
Lätsch, A. (2018). The Interplay of Emotional Instability and Socio-Environmental Aspects of Schools during Adolescence. European Journal of Educational Research, 7(2), 281-293. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.2.281

Lätsch A. 2018 'The Interplay of Emotional Instability and Socio-Environmental Aspects of Schools during Adolescence', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 281-293. Available from:

Chicago 16th edition
Lätsch, Alexander . "The Interplay of Emotional Instability and Socio-Environmental Aspects of Schools during Adolescence". (2018)European Journal of Educational Research 7, no. 2(2018): 281-293. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.2.281


According to Bronfenbrenner’s socio-ecological model, school is an essential microsystem of the developing child. Schools provide important developmental contexts for children and adolescents, as they constitute environments that might either foster or evoke students’ emotional instability. In particular, less is known about the precise and dynamic interplay of students’ socio-environmental aspects in school (i.e., sense of school belonging, social relationships with teachers and peers) and emotional instability (i.e., depressive symptoms, perceived stress, feelings of loneliness) during adolescence. To close this gap, this study examined within- and over-time cross-lagged associations based on data from a quantitative questionnaire-based survey of adolescent students (T1: N= 1088; Mage = 13.70, SD = 0.53) from 23 secondary schools in Brandenburg, Germany. Results of latent cross-lagged panel design supports the mutual relations for within-time associations, which is in line with Bronfenbrenner’s model. However, only the over-time association between school belonging and teacher-student relationship was found to be reciprocal.

Keywords: Depressive symptoms, perceived stress, school belonging, loneliness, teacher-student and student-student-relationship.


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