Using Self-Determination of Senior College Students with Disabilities to Predict Their Quality of Life One Year after Graduation

Pen-Chiang Chao

APA 6th edition
Chao, P. (2018). Using Self-Determination of Senior College Students with Disabilities to Predict Their Quality of Life One Year after Graduation. European Journal of Educational Research, 7(1), 1-8. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.1.1

Chao P. 2018 'Using Self-Determination of Senior College Students with Disabilities to Predict Their Quality of Life One Year after Graduation', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-8. Available from:

Chicago 16th edition
Chao, Pen-Chiang . "Using Self-Determination of Senior College Students with Disabilities to Predict Their Quality of Life One Year after Graduation". (2018)European Journal of Educational Research 7, no. 1(2018): 1-8. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.7.1.1


The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation and predictive relationship between self-determination and quality of life of college students with disabilities. Subjects were 145 senior college students recruited from northern Taiwan. Subjects' age ranged from 22 to 25 years and their disabilities varied, including visual impairments (n = 16), hearing impairments (n = 17), speech/language impairment (n = 6), physical disabilities (n = 40), specific learning disability (n = 26), emotional and behavior disorders (n = 5), multiple disabilities (n = 4), autism (n = 23), and health impairments (n = 8). Two measures, the Self-Determination Scale for College Students (SDSCS) and WHOQOL-BREF were used to collect data. The subjects completed the SDSCS in their senior year of college, whereas the WHOQOL-BREF data were collected one year after their graduation. The Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to assess the correlation between the SDSCS and the WHOQOL-BREF. Results showed that positive correlations were found between self-determination and quality of life. Subjects’ scores on the SDSCS subscales (Self-Realization, Psychological Empowerment, Autonomy) were able to explain between 30.3%-53.2% of the total variance of their scores on the WHOQOL-BREF domains (Psychological, Social Relationships, Environment). The results of this study re-confirmed the positive correlation between self-determination and quality of life of individuals with disabilities. Furthermore, the study highlighted that self-determination not only has an immediate impact on quality of life for people with disabilities, but it seems to have a long-lasting effect. Suggestions and implications are provided.

Keywords: College students with disabilities, self-determination, quality of life.


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